A weather station on Everest to understand how climate change affects us

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A meteorological observation post on Everest to know how global climate change affects us
Within the Perpetual Planet initiative, National Geographic and Rolex command an expedition to put in the very best meteorological center within the world, vital to understand the effect of worldwide warming
The National Geographic and Rolex scientific expedition after fixing one among the Everest weather stations. © National Geographic
420 meters faraway from the summit of Everest, on a narrow balcony of ice and rock, an aluminum instrument of just over two meters stands call at the snow-covered landscape. That gadget works constantly, sending every few seconds the knowledge that its sensors collect. it’s the very best meteorological station within the world, one among the five that are a part of an innovative project that permits direct and updated information on the effect of global climate change on one among the good peaks of the earth , known in Nepal as Chomolungma. , the “mother goddess of the mountains.”
Between April and should 2019, a team of 30 scientists from eight countries, including representatives from the Tribhuvan University of Nepal, completed this expedition led by National Geographic and supported by Rolex within its Perpetual Planet initiative . Along one among the routes that cause the highest of Everest, this group of experts in several areas installed the five stations, until they reached the 2 highest, located on the slope and therefore the southern hill of Everest. The result, for the expedition scientist Paul Mayewski, opens “a new window on the earth .” “Understanding what’s happening between 5,000 and 8,000 meters high is extremely important to possess a far better understanding of what our future are going to be like.”
Each of the five stations provides a continuing stream of meteorological data that, combined with information gathered through ice cores and topographic studies, helps scientists determine how global climate change affects one among the planet’s summits. These studies not only allow them to know the impact of worldwide warming at high altitudes, but also to anticipate a possible catastrophe: some 250 million people inhabit the mountainous region of the Hindu Kush-Himalaya, and their way of life depends largely on what balance up the mountain. If the scientific studies that indicate that a 3rd of the region’s glaciers could disappear by the top of this century were fulfilled, the results would be dramatic for this a part of the planet .
The challenge of getting these weather stations installed in extreme weather had to face an outsized number of technical difficulties. one among them was to style an instrument that was capable of resisting winds of quite 360 km / h and therefore the rockfall that happens at the very best levels of Everest. After months of testing in New Hampshire, the US, Iceland and Nepal, the equipment was able to withstand the cold temperatures and harsh conditions, but began another tough task: its installation.
The scientific expedition had to face the conditions of the so-called “death zone”, above 8,000 meters, during which physical and mental capacities are put to the test. “None folks had done fieldwork at that height before,” Mayewski explains. “Everything is extremely different up there.” Advancing along a narrow path on the southeast face, the team transported all the required material for the location of the stations, also because the instruments that allowed them to require different samples of the environment. “Mountaineers usually only believe reaching the highest , taking a few of selfies and descending as soon as possible,” explains Peter Atahns, an expert mountaineer in crowning great peaks and responsible of guiding the expedition. “This was like standing on top and trying to create a car.”
This project is a component of the collaboration that Rolex and National Geographic have administered for many years , which promotes the exploration and discovery of the foremost foreign places on the earth . In 2019, together they launched the Perpetual Planet Initiative, a five-year program that aims to bring new insight into the challenges our ecosystems face, promote research project and exploration, and encourage world leaders to develop solutions to guard the earth .

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